Punjabi word KHUKHRAIN splits up to give two different words
i.e. KUKH and RAIN. In Punjabi the word “Ksh” sounds as “kh”. Thus, Sanskrit
word ‘Kshatriya’ is pronounced as ‘Khatri’.
Punjabi word KHUKH means KUSH ( King Kush ) which is a Sanskrit word that means ROOT and RAIN in Sanskrit means RAYAN ( Vanshaj/Vanshavali ) i.e. Descendents.
So, the word KHUKHRAIN represents the Sanskrit word KUSHRAYAN. Thus, KHUKHRAINS are the descendents of King Kush who was the elder son of Lord Raam.
The word KUSHRAYAN came into existence somewhat around 2500-3000 years ago during 322 BC though it was earlier famous with different names as kaushal dynasty, sun dynasty (suryavansh) and many more.
The history of Khukhrains / kukhrains / khukhrayans was almost silent before 490 BC. They were mentioned in the history of Kaushal Dynasty’s MAHA PADAM ANAND who founded ANAND DYNASTY (mispronounced as NANDA Dynasty) after defeating “MAHA NANDIN” the king of Magdha. MAHA PADAM ANAND was son of MAHA NANDIN.
He was succeeded by his eight sons the eldest son DHAN ANAND, KUAL HARI, SHOOR SEN, BHUSEEN, SHESH SHAINI, CHAMUNDE, SURATH RAJ and the youngest one SHUBHARWAR.
All these eight sons of MAHA PADAM ANAND ruled Magdha up till the death of their father and later they migrated to north-west India currently Punjab and the area of present Pakistan. They ruled as king till 1857. All the present eight surnames of Khukhrains were named after the eight kings
Khatri is a community of north India originated from Punjab. The region is connected with the composition of Vedas, Mahabharata and many more.
The word Khatri is a Punjabi word that has been derived from the Sanskrit word “Kshatriya” because of different accent. They are the warriors and the rulers that belong to the ancient India.
Today, they distinguish themselves as Punjabi Khatri due to the emergence of several communities with the name as Khatrey/Kshtri/etc.
Khatri (Punjabi Khatri) is the community consisting of only Suryavanshis (Sun Dynasty) and Chandravanshi (Lunar Dynasty). Only the Punjabi Khatris claim themselves and traced to be the direct or indirect descendants of King Raamchandra and King Krishanchandra, who are believed as the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Whereas, Rajputs though belong to Sun, Lunar, Fire Dynasties but never say or claim they to be the descendants of King Ram and King Krishan.
Punjabi Khatris consider themselves at the top most ranking of Varna, which is Brahman, Vaishya, Shudra, etc.
Even the Gurus of Khatri are not Brahman as they consider Brahman lower to them and give donations to them.
Heirarchy among Khatris
Among Punjabis, there are several distinct communities, among all the communities the Khatris reside at the top.
In ancient times, the name Khatri was not in existence, rather they were known as the Kshatriya, during the reign of Mauraya Dynasty they concentrated in the Potwar Plateau of Punjab.
All most all Khatri belongs to King Padam Anand and King Purush (Porus). There are four sub categories:-
1. Khukhrain Khatri
2. Dhaih-ye Khatri
3. Baharaan Khatri
4. Bahu-jayee Khatri
All the above four words were derived from Sanskrit and later spelt in punjabi.
Earlier only Khukhrains and Dhaih-ye Khatris were present and were known as Anands(Suryavanshi) and Purus(Chandravanshis), later two more sub categories were derived.
Khukhrain Khatri :- In Sanskrit spelt as Kushrayan, means Descendants of King Kush. Progeny of King Padam Anand. It consisted of eight clans Anand, Kohli, Suri, Bhasin, Chaddha, Sawhney, Sethi and Sabharwal. Later three more clans were derived from above Chandhok, Ghai and Ghandhok. They are Suryavanshi and direct descendants of King Raam of Ayodhaya.
Dhaih-ye Khatri :- Many of us misinterpret this word as Dhai (two and half), but its completely wrong. When a building or any object collapses then we say “dhaih gayi”. The name was given to the progeny of King Purush (Porus) in front of whom not one can stand.
It consists of clans Malhotra, Khanna, Kapoor, Mehra and Mehta.
They are Chandravanshi and direct descendants of King Krishan.
Khatri :- Again we spell it wrong as baran (Twelve), it has been derived from
the sanskrit and hindi words only. They are the Suryavanshi but does not
consist descendants of Khukhrain.
This category consist of several clans Tondon, Chopra, Bedi, Wahi, Sodhi, Sondhi, and Gujral.
Bahu- Jayee Khatri :- They are born in many castes, in different words this is the group of different sub-castes of Khatris (that is, Khukhrains, Dhaihye and Baharaan), who on the account of their indiscipline at any time, were out caste from their original higher castes.
In Sanskrit, Bahujayee means “many birth” as , Bahu means Many and Jayee means Birth. They consists both the suryavanshi and chandravanshi.
This category consist of many clans/castes.
Other than these, Khatri consist of Naagvanshi. Naagvanshi clans are Nayyar, Nair and Naik. Khatri consider themselves are Kshatriya but they consider themselves separate from the Khatri community. These clans are also present in southern part of India and adapted different culture there
========================================================================This page information proves that khatri hindu is a vedic descendent. Mahabharat held at Haryana and Ramayan related actors belongs to vedic Punjab
- Valmiki, author of the Ramayana was located in the vicinity of the area that forms the modern city of Amritsar today. Valmiki is said to have composed the great epic at this very spot. Also, Sita gave birth to the twins, Lava and Kusha in this hermitage.
- Vedic Punjab
- The original Punjab region is now divided into several units: West Punjab (now in Pakistan), portions of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa such as the Gandharar region, the Indian states of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh and the Indian Union territory of Chandigarh. The regions of Azad Kashmir and Jammu have also been historically associated with the Punjab.
Classic cities of the Punjab region
- Pushkalavati (Charsadda), North West Frontier Province: Founded by a son of Bharata, brother of Sri Rama, according to the Ramayana
- Takshashila (Taxila), Punjab(Pakistan): Also founded by a son of Bharata.
- Multan(Mulasthan),Punjab(Pakistan): Pilgrimage site of the legendary Sun temple.
- Rawalpindi, Punjab(Pakistan): city founded by Bappa Rawal, from the Sisodiya clan of Mewar Rajputs and ancestor of Rana Pratap Singh.
- Sialkot, Punjab(Pakistan): city founded by Sul (Shalya), emperor of Madradesa and brother of Madri, second wife of emperor Pandu and mother to Nakul and Sahadeva
- Kasur, Punjab(Pakistan): city founded by Kusha, son of Sri Rama according to the Bichitra Natak written by Guru Gobind Singh.
- Lahore,Punjab(Pakistan): city founded by Lava(Loh), son of Sri Rama according to the Bichitra Natak.
- Amritsar, Punjab(India): It is believed that the hermitage of Sage Valmiki, author of the Ramayana was located in the vicinity of the area that forms the modern city of Amritsar today. Valmiki is said to have composed the great epic at this very spot. Also, Sita gave birth to the twins, Lava and Kusha in this hermitage.
- Jalandhar, Punjab(India): A historic city mentioned in the Puranas and the most famous city in Punjab.
- Kurukshetra,Haryana: The site of the Mahabharata war.
- Karnal, Haryana: city founded by Karna.
- Katasraj temple, Punjab(Pakistan): Classic temple complex in the Chakwal district, site of the ‘enchanted pool’ episode in the Mahabharata, where Yudhishthira is tested by his father Lord Yama/Dharma.
- Punjabi Hindu sects
The Sanatan Dharmis
Most Hindus in the Punjab are the Sanatan Dharmis which means the eternal religionists. Major deities worshipped include Rama, Krishna, Shiva, Vishnu and Hanuman. One of the most popular ones is Vaishno Devi of Jammu, (all known commonly as Sheraan-wali(‘She of the lions’) in Punjabi). The worship of Hanuman is usually done on Tuesdays.
Sanatan Dharma Sabha was founded in the Punjab in late 19th century to promote traditional Hinduism. It sent scholars overseas and became a major force in some of the overseas Hindu communities. In January 1933 the session of the All-India Sanatan Dharma Sabha, presided over by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya.
List of Khatris surnames